By - Sara Mills

How many tennis sets are there in a group?

A set is made up of games in tennis. Whoever reaches six games first determines the number of games. A win-by-two-games rule is in effect if both players have played five games in the set. Therefore, scenes may end at 7-5 or 5-7. A tiebreaker decides who wins the group if the number of games is 6-6.

There is never a tiebreaker at 6-6 in the last set of Major Tournaments like the US Open; instead, there is a win-by-two rule. Therefore, a major tournament’s final stage could go on to include a large number of games. The 2010 Wimbledon Championships match between John Isner and Nicolas Mahut was one of the longest; the final set’s games totaled 70-68.

2022 Rule Amendment

On March 16, 2022, the Grand Slam Board stated that two games would no longer decide the final set of the majors. The last stage is now in a tiebreak at 6-6. The winner of the tiebreaker needs 10 points and a 2-point win margin.


A player who wins six straight games while their opponent loses all six is said to be in a 6-0 set, also referred to as a bagel set.

When one player wins six games, and the opposition wins two, three, or four games, the set is known as a 6-2 Set, 6-3 Set, or 6-4 Set. This is because “breaking” a player, or winning when not serving, is challenging and typically only occurs once or twice per set.

7-5 Set: In a set of this nature, one player triumphs in seven games while the other triumphs in five. Because a win determines the location by two games rule or a tiebreaker, once each player has played five games, seven were required to win this set.

When both players have won six games apiece in the set, the match will end in a 7-6 group, the last one you will see in a tennis match. A tiebreaker is used since there were no “breaks” in the set. A tiebreaker has different rules than a regular game.

Two-game victory

But tiebreakers and the “win by two” rule add a wrinkle to the number of games in a set. A player cannot win by just reaching six games first because, in that situation, the player who serves rather would have a significant advantage. If there are no “breaks,” the game will end with a score of 6-5, with the person serving first winning. Because of this, one must win a set by a margin of two games. If the result is 5-5 or 6-5, one or two more games will be played until a 7-5 mark is reached.


Different rules apply in many major tennis events if the score is 6-6, but the most typical government is a “tiebreak.” This additional set is played on a numerical scale of seven and won by two points. It is not played on a “love, fifteen, deuce” scale. The person assigned to serve first does so, after which the other player serves twice before returning to perform once more. Scores increase until one player has at least seven points and has a lead of two over the opposition. Typical tiebreaker results are 7-5, 8-6, 7-4, etc. If the score is tied at six games each in significant tournaments, a tiebreaker is used in the final set (3rd set for women, 5th set for men). First, the score must be 10 points, with a 2-point margin of victory.

Quantity of Sets

In most tournaments, men and women compete in the best two-of-three sets. Grand slams have different set requirements for men and women, with the best 3 out of 5 sets for men and 2 out of 3 groups for women. PreviousNext

By - Sara Mills

Guide to Tennis Racquet Prices

Finding the ideal racquet for your style of play can improve it and help you go to the next level.

Fortunately, there are numerous solutions available in a range of pricing points. But since tennis racquet prices are so drastically different, you might ask why there’s a significant difference and how much money you need to pay.

After several hundred dollars of customization, some of the priciest rackets in the world cost upwards of $700. On the other hand, you can purchase a $20 racquet from your neighborhood, big box retailer. Despite the wide price range, there are valid reasons for it, which we’ll discuss below.

Our attention will mostly be on adult tennis racquet prices. Read our complete guide if you want more details about children’s racquets.

Prices for tennis racquets

Tennis racquet prices can vary significantly, as was already said. It’s a wise use of your time to find out why since the justification for the pricing variations might need to be clarified at first sight.

The range is vast, from hundreds of dollars to twenty dollars. However, the distinctions between various types of racquets that might not be apparent initially play a significant role in the pricing range.

Let’s explore the specifics that affect racquet prices.

Why Do Tennis Racquets Cost So Much?

There are differences between racquets, as you would have suspected. Four of the most important causes of pricing differences are as follows:

  • Materials
  • construct quality
  • Technologies that are combined
  • Endorsements

To better illustrate the differences between a pro-model and an entry-level frame, let’s examine each of these in greater detail and compare two sample tennis racquets. An overview of the many components of a tennis racquet can be helpful if you’re new to the sport as we explore these racquets in this section.


The materials are drastically different, first and foremost. Very cost-effective aluminum is used to make the Wilson Energy XL. Wilson does an excellent job of promoting this as AirLite Alloy, but that’s just another name for aluminum.

On the other hand, the Babolat is fashioned of modern graphite, which is robust but significantly more expensive to produce. This tennis racquet will have a higher baseline price as a result.

Build Excellence

We now move on to the build quality. The Wilson Energy XL does the job for a novice learning the ropes, but it could be better.

If you look attentively, you can see it’s just a straightforward piece of aluminum. Beginning from the handle, it wraps around to form the head before coming back together at the handle. By incorporating a distinct element that includes the bottom hoop of the racquet’s head toward the top of the racquet’s neck, some meager strength and stability are added to the frame.

Again, the outcome is practical and more than adequate for a novice, but it needs to improve the performance and stability that intermediate and advanced players seek.

In contrast to the Babolat Pure Aero, you’ll see that the frame is made entirely of graphite from the handle down. This design gives the racquet strength and stability when paired with the more sophisticated graphite material.


Last but not least, the price of racquets can be significantly raised by the technology utilized in them.

The Wilson Energy XL provides little novel or cutting-edge technologies. Furthermore, Wilson will make a small effort to advance the technology in this or any of their entry-level racquets.

Again, a fancy name for cheap aluminum is AirLite Alloy. Although I wouldn’t classify this as technology, I am awarding them extra points for their inventiveness.

This frame technology, known as V-Matrix, refers to the concave mold used to pour aluminum for making racquets. Because of the racquet’s 112 square inch head size, the consequence widens its already sizable sweet spot.

  • Stop shock sleeves: On the racquet, you’ll see white plastic pieces incorporated into the grommets at the 3 and 9 o’clock positions. These hardly dampen vibration as they contact the strings at the racquet’s center.
  • The 2019 Babolat Pure Aero is on the other extreme of the spectrum. Here’s a glance at the technologies this tennis racquet has built-in.
  • Aeromodular 3: Babolat not only modifies the shape throughout but also changes the thickness or beam of the racquet at various spots along the frame. With this design, swing speeds can be enhanced while reducing wind drag. Additionally enhanced in this third edition is the bumper guard that protects the strings and streamlines string assembly.
  • Woofer technology enables the strings to travel freely across the frame on contact for a better response from the stringbed. As a result, the sweet spot widens while the feel and occasionally harsh impact of off-center shots are improved.
  • FSI Spin: The grommets at the top and bottom of the racquet’s head—where the strings enter the frame—are farther apart. Additionally, the grommets’ design is extended, which permits the lines to move freely, boosts snapback, and consequently, increases the amount of spin a player can produce.
  • Carbon PLY stabilizer: To increase the frame’s stability, a unique coating of carbon has been incorporated into the graphite of the structure to lessen twisting on impact.
  • Cortex Pure Feel: A unique rubber is built right into the frame at 3 and 9 o’clock to absorb and lessen vibration.

Reading about these innovations will give you an understanding of racquet manufacturers’ efforts to enhance the performance of their premium models. But the fact that they are constantly changing them and introducing new technologies every few years drives up the price even more.

As a result, much like when a new iPhone model is produced, consumers are responsible for paying for the use of these technologies.


Last but not least, the top tennis players in the world strongly support some of the priciest racquets, such as the Babolat Pure Aero 2019. Rafael Nadal uses this racquet in this instance, so Babolat can charge extra because many players want the racquet their favorite player is using.

In conclusion, the Wilson Energy XL is comparable to a Nissan Versa, and the Babolat Pure Aero is similar to a Tesla. A Nissan Versa has nothing wrong with it. In actuality, both vehicles have the same fundamental function of delivering you from A to B. Tesla, on the other hand, is loaded with high performance and cutting-edge engineering to give you the finest driving experience imaginable, but you pay dearly for that privilege.

Price Ranges for Tennis Racquets

Let’s look more closely at what you may anticipate paying based on where you live now that you understand why tennis racquet prices differ.

Based on a straightforward conversion from the US Dollar to other widely used currencies worldwide, the following are some ranges to consider for common coins.

How Much Do Professional Players Spend on Racquets?

Want to know how much the best players spend on racquets? View the prices paid by some of the top players on the professional tour for their frames.

  • Federer: Roger Federer recommends the $250 Wilson Pro Staff 97 RF as his preferred racquet. His actual racquet, though, has several additional modifications that raise the cost even further.
  • Rafael Nadal: Rafael Nadal utilizes the Babolat Pure Aero racquet to dominate competitions. The retail price of this racquet is $230.
  • Djokovic: Novak Djokovic utilizes a modified version of the Head Graphene 360 Speed Pro racquet. The racquet costs $230 when bought new.
  • Williams: Serena Williams supports the $250 Wilson Blade SW104 Autograph v7 racquet on the more expensive price spectrum.
  • Barty: Ashleigh Barty plays with a $220 Head Speed X Limited Edition MP racquet.
  • Osaka: Naomi Osaka is well-known for playing tennis with the $210 Yonex EZONE 98 Blue racquet. However, she recently enhanced her paint job with a $230 limited edition gold version.

Added Racquet Prices

Consider the additional equipment costs you’ll likely have to pay as you weigh the cost of purchasing a new racquet.

You’ll need to restring your racquet first, which can be expensive. Usually, the string price is between $10 and $40. Additional costs include paying someone to string your racquet. The cost of labor typically falls between $15 and $30. Consider this a regular expense.

Your racquet’s grip is another expense that you should take into account. You could frequently replace your racquet’s overgrip, which will cost you a few bucks each. However, you should expect to pay an additional $7 to $10 if you need to replace the racquet’s original grip.

Even though they can appear to be small expenses, they can build up over time. As you look for the ideal racquet, make sure to consider it.

A Conclusion

Finding a fantastic racquet that meets your needs and skill level will take some time and research, but it can be a simple procedure.

I hope you’ve found this tennis racquet price article helpful. Feel free to comment below if you have any queries; we’re happy to help!

Material Firstly, the materials differ significantly. Very cost-effective aluminum is used to make the Wilson Energy XL. Wilson does an excellent job promoting this as AirLite Alloy, but that’s just another name for aluminum.

By - Sara Mills

Tennis games last how long?

Tennis matches frequently go on for a very long time. The scoring system is such that many momentum breakdowns and battles might appear to go forever, whether at the most significant professional level or just a local club match.

While this could seem enjoyable while you are in the middle of a game, it can also lead to many problems.

Booking courts at the recreational level is challenging for a few reasons. First, it’s difficult to predict when a match will end precisely. It is a bigger problem at the professional level because TV networks find it challenging to plan their schedules around games whose length they need clarification.

Additionally, only ardent tennis fans may watch a five-hour match, which could limit the amount of advertising revenue that is made.

Similar to other timed sports like soccer or basketball, tennis players may be able to earn less than they could otherwise. So, even if we tennis fans enjoy watching drawn-out, dramatic matches, the sport would benefit from a little more predictability.

A few strategies used in the professional game to speed up matches have begun to filter down to the grassroots level.

The Next Gen ATP Finals and other prestigious competitions have adopted the Fast4 scoring system, which shortens the game. Instead of 6, sets are played to 4, and tie breaks are decided by a score of 5 instead of 7. There are also no lets, so if the ball on a serve lands in the service box after coming off the net tape, it is still in play!

Even the now-ubiquitous championship tiebreak was sometimes a given in the tennis world. It is now frequently used to shorten matches by skipping a complete deciding set on the professional doubles circuit and at the club level worldwide.

A shot clock has recently been used on the professional circuit to hold players accountable between points. This decision caused considerable debate initially since it was believed that players should exercise some restraint after a long, arduous end because it takes much longer to recover than striking an ace.

However, it appears to have successfully assimilated into the tennis community and is now well-liked by both spectators and players.

Tennis matches may occasionally drag on for a long time, and we’ve seen some examples of how the establishment has attempted to cut them short. But why can tennis matches drag on for so long in the first place? Let’s find out, then!

What Affects a Tennis Match’s Length?

How long a tennis match lasts ultimately depends on a variety of variables. Opponents, court surfaces, and weather all come into play. These factors affect whether a game lasts six hours or only one hour!


Of course, how evenly matched the two players are is the primary factor in determining how long a tennis match will last! It could result in a war of attrition or a complete victory.

Sometimes you’ll see a highly-ranked player who isn’t playing their best against a guy who is lower-ranked but has nothing to lose, and the game can turn into an absolute classic.

Examples include the 2016 Australian Open match between Djokovic and Simon, which Novak won despite making over 100 unforced errors. The contest went the distance in five unpredictable sets. Federer was two sets down when he faced Falla at the 2010 Wimbledon Championships. He eventually returned, but the poorly ranked lefty gave Federer a great scare.

Sometimes, a player’s performance on a given day influences the result of a match rather than their reputation or rating.


Tennis matches have historically been prolonged in large part due to the weather. Games have been extended by rain delays, especially at the grand slam level, where the schedules are so congested.

Even strong winds might affect how long a match lasts. Players typically play with much more room for error in these challenging conditions, striking the ball higher over the net and more slowly than in calm situations. The length of the rally and, ultimately, the match grows as a result.


The average length of a match is frequently influenced by the court surface on which it is played.

For instance, shorter points are typically preferred because the ball tends to bounce lower and move over the court more quickly on a high-speed surface, such as indoor hard courts or grass courts.

Players who like to take the ball early, hit it flatter, have strong serves and groundstrokes, and want to finish points at the net benefit from this. The facts on these kinds of surfaces are hence naturally shortened.

In contrast, a prolonged surface like clay tends to lengthen rally lengths because players can cover more territory by sliding around the court, the ball bounces higher and moves through the court more slowly, and there is more excellent room for error. It naturally lengthens a match in comparison to, say, playing on a grass court.

The All-Time Longest and Shortest Matches

The matchup between adversaries is the critical element affecting how long a tennis match lasts. A game can end very quickly if the playing level is off on the day, regardless of the court’s surface or the weather, even if it is being played on a slow clay court. Additionally, Wimbledon’s grass courts had the longest game ever played!

By reading on, check out some of the longest and shortest professional matches!

Isner vs. Mahut, 2010 Wimbledon

One of the most incredible sporting events ever was the legendary marathon between John Isner and Nicolas Mahut in 2010, which enthralled sports enthusiasts worldwide. The match’s final set lasted 11 hours and 5 minutes, and won 70-68. Even though Isner ultimately prevailed, both players were given trophies to commemorate the historic occasion after the match.

2013 Davis Cup match: Berdych/Rosol vs. Wawrinka/Chiudinelli

During the 2013 Davis Cup, a match between Stan Wawrinka and Marco Chiudinelli of Switzerland and Tomas Berdych and Lucas Rosol of the Czech Republic lasted an absurdly long time. This doubles match lasted seven hours and one minute and were a gripping contest. In the fifth set, the Czechs prevailed 24-22.

Due to the quicker points and frequent finishes at the net in doubles matches, it is all the more astonishing that this match lasted up to 7 hours!

Isner vs. Anderson at Wimbledon 2016

In the 2016 tournament’s semifinals, Kevin Anderson and John Isner engaged in another arduous duel on the grass courts of Wimbledon. After 6 hours and 36 minutes of intense competition between these two powerful servers that had the audience on its feet, Anderson from South Africa eventually prevailed 26-24 in the fifth set.

French Open 1988: Graff vs. Zvereva

On the other hand, tennis great Steffi Graff defeated Natasha Zvereva 6-0, 6-0 in the French Open final in 1988, taking the match in just 34 minutes. It was the first and only double bagel in a grand slam final, demonstrating Steffi’s unmatched dominance.

Surrey Open, Harper vs. Sandiford, 1946

At the 1946 Surrey Open, Harper defeated Sandiford in one of the matches played in the fewest time—18 minutes! Harper won 6-0 6-0 with just one point lost in the process.

Miami Masters 2014: Nieminen versus Tomic

The 2014 Miami Masters match between Nieminen and Tomic was a more recent example of a complete rout. The Finn won the match 6-0 6-1 in just 28 minutes. Tomic, an Australian, is renowned for occasionally tanking games, but this was a new low for him.


Tennis matches can last minutes to hours, depending on how evenly matched the opponents are, the court surface, and the playing circumstances.

It’s challenging to plan TV shows and even reserve tennis courts at your local club when a match can be finished in less than ten hours or less. At the professional level, games can go on for hours since there is so much money, prestige, and status at stake.

By - Sara Mills

In How Many Games Does a Tennis Set Take Place?

Tennis scoring may be more challenging to keep track of than nearly any other major sport. The vocabulary is different, but even the counting method can be tricky. Even something as basic as how many tennis games are played in a set can confuse novices.

How many tennis games are there in a set? An average tennis set consists of up to six games. The group is won by the first player to win six games, provided they do so by a margin of two. A tiebreaker played to seven points in most matches will decide the winner if the set is tied 6-6. Tennis matches often consist of three best-of-five sets or five best-of-three sets.

A Regular Tennis Set of Six Games is Broken Down

This section contains information for almost all tennis players. One player serves, and the other receives to begin a set. Following the conclusion of each game, the roles are reversed. The two players switch sides after each game with an odd number is finished, eliminating any potential advantages from the wind, the position of the sun, etc.

Six games make up a set, but to win the group, a player must prevail by a margin of two. In other words, if the score is 5-5, a player can win 7-5. However, a tiebreaker is required if both players win one game each and force the set to a score of 6-6.

Rare exceptions are the final sets of some professional events, which mandate that participants continue playing the group until one player wins by two points. The 2010 Wimbledon Championships served as the most well-known instance of this. John Isner and Nicolas Mahut’s final set concluded 70-68. (longest match ever). Isner finally broke Mahut’s serve to secure the game.

Seven points are used as a tiebreaker, and the winner must once more prevail by two points. The structure and method of keeping score are slightly different in a tiebreaker. One point is served to begin by the first player. The players then help twice before trading places. Every six points, the two players trade positions.

The official way to list the location is by giving the tiebreak winner a 7-6 win after the set is over. The set score will be recorded, along with the tiebreaker score in parenthesis, for a complete scoring system (for example, 7-6 (7-4) might be the score). On this page, you can read more about how sets function.

Tennis alternative: 8-game and 10-game sets

In terms of sets, there are some alternatives available. If a lot is happening at once, this is frequently done to speed up a match. The rules are the same as in a six-game tennis set, but the winner must advance to either game eight or ten.

It is a quicker technique to play the game because these tennis sets are typically just one to select a match winner. That’s because a player would need to win at least 12 games to prevail in a best-of-three sets match traditionally. This format is standard in leagues with a short season or one-day tournaments.

shorter tennis sets

Using a shorter format, like a 4-game tennis set or even Fast Four, is another method to reduce time. With a conventional four-game group, everything is played in the same manner, except that they play to four.

They take away deuces from the game in the Fast Four. A single point is played to decide the winner of the game if it goes to a duel. The receiver can determine which side they will serve from this arrangement.

Tennis is tinkering with the set format more and more to keep up with the times. Tennis matches can go quite a while, mainly if they are best-of-five. Although it could be entertaining to watch at Grand Slam competitions, casual players might prefer a shorter format.

A shorter format somewhat levels the playing field, so bear that. Because they have more chances for everything to line up as it should, elite tennis players frequently perform at their peak during Grand Slam events. A few outstanding shots are all it takes for the underdog to win a match in a short format.

In some ways, this can provide for some exciting tennis, but only some people like the idea of needing to go beyond upset alert due to the format. Some of these shorter sets are too gimmicky for traditional tennis players to enjoy.

In a Tennis Set, How Many Games Are Played?

How many games does it take for someone to win that many points in a typical set were the first to six wins? It varies on how strict the match is, but a collection often consists of nine or ten games.

Typically, the set only features one serve break, resulting in a 6-4 or 6-3 victory.

Depending on how fiercely contested the games are, the speed of these games might vary considerably. Two players holding serve quickly and serving well will take significantly longer than ones that go to several deuces.

Final Thoughts on Games in a Tennis Set

Since it is the standard scoring system used in nearly all tennis matches worldwide, most players must learn one specific style of play. However, various modifications give the sport a new twist. There are methods to speed up the game by changing the amount of fun in a set if time is more of an issue.

Before beginning a new point in tennis, settle any questions regarding scoring. If the error is fixed, getting the score right once will lead to increased clarity.

By - Sara Mills

Tennis courts are constructed of what? The eleven surfaces

You’ll get a better understanding of how a player’s game may be impacted by the various court surfaces as you learn more and more about tennis. Rafael Nadal is the king of clay courts, if you know anything about tennis. You may also be aware that Roger Federer is arguably the greatest player to ever play on a grass court. What gives, though? Why can two of the greatest tennis players of all time play so differently on various courts?

In essence, various tennis court surfaces are built in various ways and with various materials. The speed of the shots, the bounce of the ball, and the players’ mobility are just a few of the characteristics of a tennis match that are impacted by the differing structure and composition of each court. Rafael Nadal, for example, performs better on slower, springier courts while some players, like Roger Federer, adapt better to faster courts with faster surfaces.

The most of us have probably played on one or perhaps two surfaces before, but you might not be aware that there are many more court surfaces available, and each one has a different impact on the player’s game.

The 11 different tennis court surfaces are made of acrylic, asphalt, concrete (also known as hard courts), artificial clay, hybrid clay, artificial grass, and carpet, in addition to other materials like wood and tile. Only clay (slow), hard (medium), and grass are used for professional tournaments (fast).

We will also discuss how indoor courts may affect your game since you can also find them with each of the surfaces listed below.

Tennis courts: How are they made?

Tennis courts can have a variety of surfaces, but they all generally go through the same construction process. Tennis courts are made up of numerous layers, and the visible surface (clay, hard, or grass) is often the bottommost layer. The four layers that make up a typical tennis court are formation, foundation, regulating base, and wearing surface.

The formation, which is often the initial layer, is intended to act as a partition between the ground and the real court. It prevents roots and organic matter from harming the court and is also referred to as the sub-grade. The court can be built on a level soil provided by the formation layer.

The foundation, which is the second layer, serves mostly to keep the court from icing. As a result, this layer is included to enable the court to drain and avoid any potential frosting. The foundation, sometimes referred to as the sub-base, typically ranges in thickness from 14 to 28 mm and should be positioned 150 mm below the surface. Depending on the surface, a court’s foundation will have a different drainage feature; since clay and grass courts need some moisture, the foundation shouldn’t drain completely.

The third layer is the regulating base, and depending on the surface, it has a very different composition. This layer creates a level, solid base for the real surface to rest on.

Finally, the wearing surface is referred to as the fourth and final layer. When we look at a tennis court, this is the layer that is actually visible. Depending on the surface, this layer may be composed of a number of thinner layers.

When Gustavo Kuerten played his final match at Roland Garros in 2008, he was recognised with a trophy made from a portion of the main court. A clay court’s layers are all visible in the picture below.

The Various Tennis Court Surface Types

The following categories now make up the ITF’s (International Tennis Federation) classification of tennis court surfaces:

(Hard) Acrylic/Polyurethane Courts

The most often used court surfaces in the United States are acrylic or polyurethane, which are typically categorised as hard courts.

Hard tennis courts are constructed with an asphalt or concrete regulating base and an acrylic or polyurethane wearing surface. These materials are used to paint the courts and white lines in various colours. Depending on the desired court speed, these courts could additionally feature a cushioned layer underneath the acrylic layer.

This type of court surface is typically categorised as medium, medium-speed, or fast. The wearing surface paint combination slows down the court when more sand is added to it. The bulk of the main professional competitions, including the ATP Finals, six ATP 1000 events, and the two Grand slams (Australian Open and US Open), are played on acrylic/polyurethane courts (Indian Wells, Miami, Canadian Open, Cincinnati, Shanghai, and Paris).

These courts can be bouncy in addition to being quick, which allows for lengthy rallies. Hard courts are ideal for big servers because they make it simple to hit many aces. These courts typically get faster in the light and heat. This implies that playing on the same court at two distinct times of the day may result in a different experience for a player.


In Europe and South America, clay courts are very common. They are thought to be substantially slower than hard courts.

A top layer of finely crushed aggregate, such as stone, brick, shale, or other loose material, is used to construct clay tennis courts. A thicker layer consisting of the same material, but compressed, is typically present beneath this top layer.

Strong baseliners and players who frequently use topspin in their shots would benefit greatly from the sluggish, bouncy nature of clay courts due to their design. Players can slide around the court on clay courts, which is an intriguing feature. Additionally, clay courts need more upkeep than hard courts since they need to be irrigated, rolled, and brushed more frequently.

Clay courts come in two basic varieties: red clay and green clay (also known as claytech or har-tru). Red clay courts are slower and more common in South America and Europe, whereas green clay courts are faster and more common in the United States. Due to its use for three ATP 1000 tournaments and one Grand Slam (Roland Garros), red clay is the second most popular surface on the professional tour (Madrid, Monte Carlo, and Rome).

The greatest player to ever play on clay courts is regarded as Rafael Nadal. He has amassed 59 clay court titles and 12 Roland Garros victories, giving him a 91.8% overall clay court winning rate (436 wins and 39 losses).


Nowadays, it might be challenging to find grass courts, which are thought to be the most elegant of all playing surfaces. In the past, grass courts were far more popular. Between 1905 and 1974, three Grand Slam tournaments were held on grass (Australian Open, Wimbledon, and US Open). Only one Grand Slam is presently played on grass due to the reduction in popularity of grass courts (Wimbledon). On grass, no ATP 1000s are held.

Because they require far more maintenance and cannot be used if it rains even a little, grass courts are becoming less and less common. These factors led to the main tennis court surfaces switching to clay courts and hard courts.

A substantial layer of clay, silt, and sand, as well as a natural grass wearing surface, make up natural grass tennis courts. To prevent water buildup, these courts also need a drainage pipe in the foundation layer.

Grass courts often cause the ball to slide as it bounces, speeding up the entire game. Strokes with slicing are typically more effective than shots with topspin because the ball tends to stay low and near to the ground. On grass courts, players who can hit flat shots, serve heavily, and volley well typically have great success. Some of the longest tennis matches in history have been played on grass courts because it may be quite challenging to break serves there.


Asphalt tennis courts typically have lower upfront expenses than other types of surfaces. This is the rationale for the asphalt surfaces used in many public courts. The overall long-term costs, however, can turn out to be higher due to the costs associated with maintaining and repairing cracks.

Since all hard court tournaments are played on courts with a finishing layer of acrylic or polyurethane applied to them, there are no professional tournaments held on asphalt courts.


Carpet courts were a common sight on the professional tour in the past. In reality, carpet used to be utilised at the Paris ATP 1000. However, as part of a push to switch to hard courts, the ATP discontinued holding significant competitions on carpet courts in 2009. The number of surfaces selected for major professional events decreased from 4 to 3 as a result of the adjustment (hard, clay, and grass). Three carpet tournaments were still part of the ATP Challenger tour in 2019. (Kaohsiung in Taipei & Eckental and Ismaning in Germany).

Synthetic Clay

Although they are manufactured quite differently, artificial clay courts feel very much like natural clay courts.

Instead of constructing a layer of finely crushed aggregate, artificial clay courts are constructed by placing a specific carpet as a base. After that, a layer of sand or clay is put on top to create a texture akin to that of typical clay courts (slow shots and ability to slide).

Because there is no need to roll or water the court, this surface was created to require less maintenance. Since artificial clay courts are relatively new, they are not as well-liked as the courts previously described. However, they are now more common, and their population is projected to grow. There aren’t any tournaments taking place on this surface right now.

Despite the fact that artificial clay courts resemble clay courts, the game plays differently. Although artificial clay allows you to slide as on clay courts, the ball does not bounce as high. This speeds up play compared to conventional clay courts.


Concrete tennis courts are extremely similar to asphalt courts in both appearance and functionality. The primary distinction is undoubtedly the construction material. Asphalt courts are observed to have more cracks than concrete courts.

On concrete courts, there are no professional competitions.

Synthetic grass

Similar to artificial clay or carpet courts, artificial grass tennis courts are constructed. A specific turf is then built on top of the base layer for regulation. The top layer has the appearance of a grass court, but it is far softer on the body and requires much less upkeep.

The ball ends up sliding and staying close to the ground on this surface, making it play similarly to grass courts. However, this surface is less slick than regular grass courts, giving players much more traction. They make an excellent replacement for tennis courts installed in a home or park. Artificial grass courts are not used for professional competitions.

Blended Clay

The ITF has already acknowledged the new trademarked technology known as Hybrid Clay as a new court surface. It was recently developed in Europe. It has a same feel to a typical clay court but requires much less upkeep. The ITF rates this surface as slow.

There are only a few Hybrid Clay courts in existence right now (all of them in Europe), and none of them are used for tournament play. It is really intriguing that this new surface can be constructed on top of any other surface already in existence. Some of the advantages touted by the HybridClay brand include lower maintenance costs, the fact that it is frostproof, and industry-leading water drainage, even if the construction process is kept secret (as it is trademarked).

I haven’t played on this surface yet, but I’ve seen positive reviews about it. The technology appears to be very promising, and it appears like we might start to see a lot more of these courts in the not too distant future.


The ITF also recognises tile, wood, and canvas as court surfaces. There are no events held on these relatively uncommon courts. They can be challenging to play on and are typically more faster than other surfaces.

In an Italian tennis competition, I have only ever played on a court with a wood surface. The competition was originally scheduled to take place on clay, but after multiple delays caused by rain, we were moved to the closest indoor court, which had a surface that looked almost like wood. I recall that it was nearly impossible to return any serve, and that the whole thing hardly felt like tennis.


Lastly, although if indoor tennis courts don’t always have a different surface, they are nonetheless important to note. Any of the aforementioned surfaces could be present on an indoor tennis court, but the roof gives the space a somewhat different atmosphere.

Since there are no windows on indoor tennis courts this time, there is no wind. Players can therefore take more chances because they have a better notion of where their shots will land as a result.

Second, compared to their outdoor counterparts, indoor tennis courts are less exposed to the sun and heat. They do not sustain as much damage as a result, and they do not speed up.

Finally, I notice that tennis courts indoors feel faster than those outdoors. According to what I’ve heard, this occurs because indoor courts’ compressed air gives the game the appearance of moving more quickly. Please don’t take these assertions to heart because I’m not certain that there is any science supporting them.

Only one ATP 1000 match is played exclusively indoors at the moment (Paris). Other ATP 500 & 250 and Challenger tournaments are also held indoors. Additionally, starting in 2020, all Grand Slams’ main courts will have retractable roofs, which could force athletes to play indoors in inclement weather.

By - Sara Mills

What Happens During A Tennis Tie-Break?

A tiebreaker is played when a tennis set is tied 6-6. A 7-point tiebreak will now decide the group between the players. As a result, the tiebreaker is determined by the first player to accumulate 7 points.

If the tiebreaker score is 6-6, a player needs to win by two points to win the tiebreak. In this case, the ultimate tiebreaker scores might be 8-6, 9-7, 10-8, etc.

The score in a tiebreak can go as high as it wants. Some tiebreakers result in scores of 15-13 or higher. Until one of the players prevails by 2, the tiebreaker is continued.

The tiebreaker procedures for singles and doubles matches are identical. Tiebreakers in singles and doubles only differ in the service, which I’ll detail in this piece.

In a tiebreak, who gets to go first?

The player who received in the twelfth game, or the game that tied the score at six points each, will start serving in the tiebreaker.

On the other hand, the player who made the score 6-6 by serving first will win the tiebreaker.

How Does The Serve Operate In A Tie-Breaker For Singles?

It might be challenging to describe the service in a tiebreaker. But once you get the hang of it, it’s relatively easy. I think it would be better if I put it like this:

  1. The tiebreaker is initiated by Player A, who receives one serve on the deuce side.
  2. The player on the offensive side (Player B) will serve next.
  3. Player B will continue to serve next on the deuce side.
  4. Player A will serve next from the offensive side.
  5. Player A will serve next on the deuce side.
  6. Player B will serve next from the offensive side. — The players will switch ends after scoring six points. The tiebreaker will continue after Players A and B have crossed the net to the other end of the court.
  7. Player B will serve again on the deuce side.
  8. Player A will serve next from the offensive side.

The same pattern will hold if additional points are required. Only the first point is served by the player who begins the tiebreaker. After that, each player receives two turns serving before continuing to alternate.

When Should An End In A Tie-Break Be Changed?

To begin the tiebreaker, neither side is altered. You will remain on the same side for the first six points of the tiebreaker.

The players will switch ends once 6 points are scored (it can be any combination of scores).

The players will switch ends once again if the tiebreaker continues after another 6 points. Up until the tiebreaker is over, this is repeated every six points.

The players will switch ends based on where they concluded the tiebreak if another set is to be played after the tiebreak.

As an illustration, if Player A completes the tiebreak on one side of the court, he will begin the following settings on the opposing side (opposite side of the net).

The result of a tiebreaker

When a tennis match ends in a tiebreak, the result is recorded as a 7-6 set score. The set score is recorded as 7-6 regardless of the exact tiebreak result (which may have been 7-0).

If you played a tiebreak in a league or tournament match, all you need to tell the scorekeeper is a score of 7-6. The winner of the tiebreak decides the set.

In a doubles tiebreaker, how does the serve function?

Four players are on the court, so serving in a doubles tiebreaker is a little more challenging to explain. As you may know, a doubles match consists of two players on each side of the court.

In the tiebreaker, the side that made the set score 6-6 by serving first will win. Before the other side does, the team that initiates the tiebreaker only gets one help.

After that, exactly like in singles, each team will serve twice, alternating every two serves.

The player who did not serve for his team in the previous game begins serving first in the tiebreaker. I’ll write out the format for the complete set so you can readily see it because I think this might not be easy to understand.

Let’s refer to the first team members as Players A1 and A2. B1 and B2 players will be on the opposite team. The serve pattern for the set will look like this.

If you played a tiebreak in a league or tournament match, all you need to tell the scorekeeper is a score of 7-6. The winner of the tiebreak decides the set.

  • Player A1 serves in the deuce side of Game 1
  • Player B1 serves on the offensive side in game 2
  • Player A2 serves in the deuce side of Game 3
  • Player B2 serves on the offensive side in game 4
  • Player A1 serves in the deuce side of Game 5
  • Player B1 serves on the offensive side in game 6
  • Player A2 serves in the deuce side of Game 7
  • Player B2 serves on the offensive side in game 8
  • Player A1 serves on the deuce side in game 9.
  • Player B1 serves on the offensive side in game 10
  • Player A2 serves on the deuce side in game 11
  • Player B2 serves on the offensive side in game 12

Assume that after 12 games, the final score is 6-6. A tiebreak process will start.

Team A will serve to begin the tiebreaker, while Team B will do the 12th game. Player A1 will serve specifically because doubles players never serve two games in a row, and A2 served the last game (game 11).

Each player will serve once the tiebreaker has started. Again, explaining this system is difficult, so I’ll do it this way:

  • Point 1: Serve by Player A1
  • Point 2: Serve by player B1
  • Point 3: Serve by Player B1
  • Point 4: Serve by Player A2
  • Point 5: Serve by Player A2
  • Point 6: Serve by player B2
  • After 6 points have been played, players will switch ends.
  • Point 7: Serve by player B2
  • Point 8: Serve by Player A1.
  • Point 9: Serve by Player A1.

Until the tiebreak is over, the pattern keeps happening. Like singles, tiebreaks must be won by a margin of 2 points, and players alternate ends every 6 points until the tiebreak is over.

After a tiebreaker, how do you decide who starts serving the set?

In singles, the player who began the tie-serving breaks will receive in the opening game of the following set.

Conversely, the person who was the first to receive during the tiebreak would serve the first game of the following set.

For doubles, the same guidelines apply. The first game of the following settings will be given to the team that began serving the tiebreaker.

Any serving team member may choose to serve at the start of the set. The next game, when the other team does, is the same. Both of those players have the option to choose to begin serving first.

In the next two games, the players who still need to serve will do so (the 3rd and 4th games). This serve pattern is in effect until the set is finished or a tiebreak is reached.

Why Do Tie-Break Games Sometimes Go 10 Points?

In tournament or league play, singles ties are always resolved using a 7-point system. However, a 10-point tiebreaker is frequently used in doubles when the set score is tied at one each. This is because doubles matches save time and are typically less critical than singles matches.

But this is only sometimes the case. Teams will play through the last set in larger tournaments like the ATP Finals, majors, and Davis Cup tennis.

The 10-point tiebreaker follows the same rules:

  • Players’ switch ends every six points.
  • The winning side must prevail by two points.
  • The same serve pattern (which I previously described) is used during the whole tiebreak.

Advice For Breaking The Tie In Singles

I like to lead in the tiebreak when I play singles quickly. This provides me with a safety net and relieves some pressure. If I can swiftly get ahead by one or two points, my chances of winning the tiebreak rise.

Because of this, you must play well during the tie-first break’s three points. When you have a mini-break (winning the point on your opponent’s serve), holding service in the tiebreak is all you need to accomplish to prevail.

Never give up if you’re behind in the tiebreak. You put a lot of effort into getting into the tiebreaker, so battle hard on every point even though it’s only down to 7.

The only difference between the tiebreaker and a game is that you’ll alternate every two serves. Maintain consistency and keep your strategy in mind.

Being consistent in a tiebreaker frequently suffices to win it because your opponent is probably feeling just as anxious as you are. Your opponent may become tense and commit unintentional mistakes due to those nerves.

Take your time, hydrate, and moderate your pace if you’re trailing after the 6-point switch. Make your opponent wait while maintaining confident body language.

If you lose the tiebreak and the game, think about how you can improve for the following tiebreaker. If another set needs to be played, forget about the tiebreak and concentrate on the next scene. Take it one step at a time.

Advice For Breaking The Tie In Doubles

Teamwork is essential in doubles. Throughout the tiebreak, you must maintain a positive attitude with your teammate. At this point, there is no space for error. Support your partner at every turn.

You should focus your attention on the weaker player on the other squad. If you’re unsure, hit that player. Work on your plan continuously.

If you’re down in the tiebreaker, play a little more cautiously and take fewer risks, like poaching. You can take a little more chance if you win the tiebreaker.

Serving well is more crucial in doubles than in singles. Take a touch off the initial serve if you’re doing it rather than going for the massive bomb.

Start serving huge only if you are ahead by more than three points. Your chances of winning the point significantly enhance if you get the initial serve into the box.


Tennis’ complex scoring system is easier to memorize than you would think if you’re new to the sport. It becomes simpler the more you play.

The tennis score system was something I had mastered after about a dozen games. You can count on a more seasoned player to lead the way if you play with them.

This post clarifies everything you wanted to know about the tennis tiebreak. If not, kindly post your query in the comments area below. I appreciate you visiting my blog.

By - Sara Mills

How To Hit A Slice Serve In Tennis

What is a Slice Serve?

In a tennis game, sometimes it is necessary to keep opponents off balance. This is when a slice serve is used. A tennis slice serve refers to a shot that is taken what is meant to alter the spin during a service game.

It is also a shot that can be used to keep your opponents off the court and give you room to initiate an offensive attack on your opponents.

Things to consider

When hitting a slice serve in tennis, there are a couple of things you need to know. A slice serve is hit by brushing the racket face into the ball. This is referred to as sidespin. There are different ways to do sidespin for left-handed people and right-handed people. The direction towards which the ball brushes is leftward.


Ensure that the forehand of your opponent is weak when deciding how to hit a slice serve. If your opponent happens to be standing far on his backhand side, then you can take the shot. The purpose of the slice serve at this point is to either to motivate a weak return or to hit an ace.

Have a good grip

You also need to have the right grip to hit a perfect serve. It is advisable to use the proper grip even though most servers prefer the continental grip instead.

Other players prefer the Eastern backhand and if you happen to be one of these players then make sure you use the racket face’s forehand side to hit the ball.

Position of your shoulders


The positioning of your shoulders is paramount when taking a slice serve shot. Ensure the side that is closest to the net is your non-dominant side. When you are tossing the ball, be sure that it does not go behind you or over the baseline. You need to work on your technique well if you want to hit the perfect tennis slice serve.